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Historically London was settled as early as 43 AD, first being founded by the Romans. After the Romans pulled out of the British Isles the settlement was repopulated by other peoples, eventually becoming the largest, richest and most important city and trading centre of   England that was unified in the 10th century. From then on it also turned into a major domestic and international political centre, eventually becoming as the Capital first of England and later on of the United Kingdom.

Its population has consistently grown since its founding, even making it the most populous city of the world during the 19th century. This was in large due to a great number of immigrants arriving from different parts of the then thriving British overseas empire. It has long since lost that claim, but it is still the largest and most populous metropolis in the European Union. Given its popularity with immigrants both today in the past it is also a highly multicultural city, featuring approximately 300 different languages and a whole host of cultures and religions.

As a major global city it has been distinguished in commerce, education, entertainment, fashion, finance, healthcare, media, research and development, transport and tourism, among other sectors. For these reasons it is the most visited city in the entire world. Of all the areas that have come to be a part of London it is the so-called city of London -- roughly corresponding to the boundaries of the old city – and the city of Westminster which visitors tend to flock to. Here the Tower of London, the Palace of Westminster, Westminster Abbey, the Tower of London and Buckingham Palace are the most frequented attractions, most of them popular for being historical, cultural and architectural wonders. Otherwise the architecture of London is diverse, as growth has spanned over too long a time for it to conform to the characteristics of a particular style of construction. Most buildings are relatively low-rise, in turn making landmarks such as the London Eye and what few skyscrapers there are in the city stand out all the more.

These tourist sites aside, there are numerous other attractions all over the city of London that are of not insubstantial interest to tourists. The London Eye is a must for anyone who wishes to see the city from up top. The many museums offer dazzling collections of artefacts both ancient and contemporary for the culturally inclined, whereas shopping and entertainment of all sorts is best found in West End. Even the peace and quiet of a day’s respite from the big city can be had in one of the many parks, of which the royal parks Hyde Park, Kensington Gardens and Regent’s Park are both the largest ones and the ones most worth a visit.