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Newcastle Upon Tyne

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Newcastle upon Tyne, or just Newcastle for short, is a city in northern England that was first established in Roman times. For a long time it was a centre of wool trade, coal mining and later shipbuilding and ship-repairing, which enabled it considerable growth, though as these industries declined over the 20th century it gradually transformed into a place for business, culture and nightlife. It is a lively and diverse city that is currently thought of as one of the trendiest places in the UK, and as it is located in one of the most beautiful regions in Britain it is becoming a more and more popular destination for travellers.

The “New Castle” from which the city got its name is not in good shape, but the remains of it may be visited. For a trip further back in time the ruins of the Roman fort at Segedunum are also open to tourists. In turn the streets and buildings of Grainger Town -- of which Grey Street was voted the most beautiful street in England in 2005 -- are better representative of 19th century architecture. Sometimes referred to as the heart of the city, this area holds some of Newcastle upon Tyne’s most remarkable buildings.

For architecture of a different kind, follow the pedestrian path along the north bank of the River Tyne. Not only will you see the riverside area of the city, but there are also two bridges here for which the city of Newcastle upon Tyne is famous: The Tyne Bridge, which is a famous example of its particular type of construction, and the Gateshead Millennium Bridge, which is equally renowned for its aesthetic beauty.

The quayside area is also a good place to go in order to sample the city of Newcastle upon Tyne’s famous nightlife, though the Bigg Market, Collingwood Street and the Central Station areas are also worth a visit. Many of these venues host live music of all sorts of genres, though for bigger performances try the concert venues Metro Radio Arena, Newcastle City Hall and the 02 Academy Newcastle. Other performing arts, of which local theatre has a particularly prominent history, may be seen at the Theatre Royal, the Journal Tyne Theatre, the Northern Stage or the Jubilee Theatre, among others.

The City of Newcastle upon Tyne hosts many festivals around the year that are popular with locals and visitors alike. Some of these are the Newcastle Beer Festival, the Evolution music festival and the Ouseburn family festival. The relatively high percentage of Asian nationalities in Newcastle upon Tyne means that there is not only a lot of foreign food to be had in the city, but festivals such as the Chinese New Year and the Hindu Mela Festival are also held annually.